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Let’s take a look at some of the Big Five factors(conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness, and extroversion) across cultures.
As you will learn when youstudy social psychology, Asian cultures are more collectivist, and people in these cultures tend to beless extroverted.
For example, a person high on the agreeable scale would likely want to live near family andfriends, and would choose to settle or remain in such an area.
In contrast, someone high on opennesswould prefer to settle in a place that is recognized as diverse and innovative (such as California).
Western ideas about personalitymay not be applicable to other cultures (Benet-Martinez & Oishi, 2008).
In fact, there is evidence thatthe strength of personality traits varies across cultures.
It’s important to notethat the Big Five traits are relatively stable over our lifespan, with some tendency for the traits to increaseor decrease slightly.
Researchers have found that conscientiousness increases through young adulthoodinto middle age, as we become better able to manage our personal relationships and careers (Donnellan &Lucas, 2008).
Theculture in which you live is one of the most important environmental factors that shapes your personality(Triandis & Suh, 2002).The term culture refers to all of the beliefs, customs, art, and traditions of aparticular society.Culture is transmitted to people through language as well as through the modeling ofculturally acceptable and nonacceptable behaviors that are either rewarded or punished (Triandis & Suh,2002).Chapter 11 | Personality 393is the tendency to be pleasant, cooperative, trustworthy, and good-natured.People who score low onagreeableness tend to be described as rude and uncooperative, yet one recent study reported that menwho scored low on this trait actually earned more money than men who were considered more agreeable(Judge, Livingston, & Hurst, 2012).